Modifiable risk factors for hypertension include smoking, physical inactivity, body weight, psychological stress, and excessive alcohol intake.2
Insights into high blood pressure
Major non-modifiable risk factors include family history, older age, race and gender.2
Family background is an important non-modifiable risk factor. You are more likely to develop high blood pressure if one or both of your parents have high blood pressure, compared to individuals whose parents have blood pressure in the normal range (normotensive).2
- WHO. A Global Brief on Hypertension. Geneva (Switzerland); 2013.
- Kaplan NM. Clinical Hypertension, 9ed. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 2006.